WORLD COMMITTEE                                  IRGUN YOTZEY PLOTZK

for the                                                                     BE-ISRAEL

PLOTZK MEMORIAL BOOK                       (Plotzker Association in Israel)

 

 

 

PLOTZK

(PŁOCK)

 

A HISTORY OF AN ANCIENT JEWISH COMMUNITY IN POLAND

 

 

Editor:

ELIYAHU EISENBERG

Vice-Chairman, Plotzker Association in Israel

 

 

 

 

"HAMENORA"

Publishing House

Tel-Aviv, 1967

 

The Yizkor Book  in MS Word File Format 

The Yizkor Book  in MS Acrobat Format

Book Donated to JewishGen Yizkor Books Database

 

Plock Artists

 

 

Notes

The English part is not a complete translation of the Yizkor book of Płock but rather a synopsis, summary, and should be treated as such. there are 684 pages in Hebrew and Yiddish but only 96 pages in English.

I have translated and added the titles and page numbers of articles which do not appear in the English summary. I added the code "H" if article is in Hebrew, or "Y" if in Yiddish.

I have added also the sub-chapters to the various articles, which are not included in the original Table of Contents. On many occasions I have added from the Hebrew and Yiddish parts of the book  also names of people mentioned in the articles, when that was possible, mainly in the Holocaust chapters.

I have also added the names of people who appear in the photographs to the captions in English which did not include these names, see pages

I wish to thank the Płock Landsmanschaft who encouraged me and gave me and JewishGen the permission to post the Płock Yizkor book in the Internet.

 

It is my hope that this book will serve as commemoration to the Jewish ancient grand and holy community of Płock, exterminated by the Germans during the Holocaust.

 

Ada Holtzman April 18th, 2004Yom Hashoah , 27 Nissan, 5764

 

 

 

PLOTZK-BORN JEWISH PAINTERS

 

Nathan Korzen – the painter

 

H-370

Nathan Korzen

Y. Aronson 

65

Fishl Zylberberg (Zber) (1909-1942)

 

65

He will not be forgotten

Harry Koren (Korzen)

H-376

The exhibition of the works of F. Zylberberg

 

H-378

With Fiszl Zylberberg (Zber) before his tragic death

Stenia Bender (deported to Auschwitz under name "Guta Rozenstein", the wife of Fishl Zber

Itzchak Furmansky

H-380

Yechiel Meir (Maks) Eljowicz, Portrait-Painter

M. Rubin

66

David Tushinsky, Master of Miniatures

E. E.

67

Shmuel Har-Shalom (Fridenberg)

M. Rubin

68

 

 


Mon Village – Devi Tuszynski

 

PLOTZK-BORN JEWISH PAINTERS

 

 

NATHAN KORZEN

Page 65-66

 

Nathan Korzen, who perished in the bloom of his life in the Wilna ghetto, was a member of a young group of Polish painters, and was considered one of the important Jewish artists in Poland. The members of his family in Plotzk were engaged in various arts and crafts, and little Nathan loved to observe the handwork of his uncles, who were goldsmiths and silversmiths. His grandfather and father owned a workshop for the manufacture of copper goods, among them Jewish ritual objects.

 

Eager to take up formal art studies, Nathan left his home and went to Warsaw. Professor Tadeusz Pruszkowsky of the Art Academy there recognized right away his outstanding talents and enabled him to enroll at the Academy. While still a student, Korzen already exhibited his work at a Jewish Gallery in Warsaw. Having finished his studies successfully, he soon became known as one of the finest painters of portraits in Poland. Leading personalities commissioned him to do their portraits and he was never short of work.

 

He also painted from nature, and whenever he visited Plotzk, which is set in beautiful surroundings, he went out of town to paint the countryside. He spent many days at the picturesque village of Kazimierz, which attracted many painters because of its lovely setting.

 

As the art critic Yehiel Aronson states in his appreciation of Korzen, he was not affected by the surrealistic school of Post-­Impressionism, since he was gifted with the ability to express his longings realistically on canvas.

 

Korzen lived in Wilna at the outbreak of the war, as he thought that from there it would be easier to escape to the West. His hopes did not materialize, and he stayed on in the Ghetto, where he took part in the cultural life of the oppressed Jews.

 

Murderous hands put an end to his creative life. His brother Harry, who resides in Toronto, published there a book in his memory in 1948.

 

Regrettably only very few of his pictures were saved from des­truction and some of them are to be found in the collection of Dr. Simchowicz of Tel Aviv.

 

Home

 

FISHL ZYLBERBERG (ZBER)

Page 65-66

"Poems are talking pictures and pictures – are silent poems"... Melech Rawicz

 

A series of articles in memory of the above named outstanding Plotzk-born painter.

 

The first article is written by Harry Koren (Korzen) who was a friend of the artist. After describing the surroundings and countryside of Plotzk which inspired talented young Jewish boys, he portrays the artistic personality of F. Zylberberg. "He was endowed with the gift of a real master and thoroughly analyzed his ideas. He handled the strokes of his brush with great self-assurance and vigor", says the author.

 

He also recalls their meetings before the war, the exhibition of Zylberberg's graphic works at the "Hotel Poznanski" and describes him as an enthusiastic hard-working painter who had nothing in common with the frustrated "cafe-type artists".

 

Zylberberg exhibited his works at the "Warsaw Salon of Fine Arts" and was praised by art critics of that time.

 

He lived during the first war-years in Paris, but was deported to Auschwitz where he was murdered by the Nazis.

 

*

 

Born in 1909, he was seen painting since early boyhood. Thanks to his teacher, Ms. Gutkind, a painter herself, he continues his studies in Warsaw and very soon distinguishes himself at several exhibitions as a talented artist.

 

In spite of being a Jew he is being chosen, due to his talent, to represent Polish graphic art in Paris and his works are being exhibited in 1937 at the Polish Pavilion of the International Exhibition in Paris. He studies in that city, takes an active part in its artistic life and is known there by the name "Zber".

 

In 1941 the Nazis arrested him and sent him to a concentration camp. On 26th October, 1942, he perished in the gas chambers of Auschwitz, only 33 years old.

 

Another article concerning the above is written by Itzchak Furmansky, Chairman of the Jewish Deportees in France. He describes mainly his behavior in the Bon-La-Roland camp, his modesty and devotion to art in spite of the inhuman conditions of life there. Zber was recognized by a Pole, who intervened in his favor, and thanks to whom he enjoyed better conditions for a short time.

 

In his last days in spite of his illness, the optimistic Zber was sure that he would not be sent to death.

 

A few lines are dedicated to Zber's wife, Stenia, who took part in anti-Nazi activities in Paris and murdered in a Nazi-camp in 1944. She was deported under the name "Guta Rozenstein". She managed to hide some of her husband's works.

 

Home

 

JECHIEL-MEIR (MAKS) ELJOWICZ - PORTRAIT-PAINTER

By Moshe Rubin

Page 66-67

 

The above was born in Raciąż but moved with his parents at a young age to Plotzk. He specialized in painting the portraits of persons from the well-to-do classes, (writers, famous physicians etc.).

 

During the years before the war, Eljowicz worked as an internal decorator and in 1937 was awarded the First Prize for the nicest show-window by the Warsaw municipality. That year he was sent by the Polish Government to arrange the Polish Pavilion at the Levant Fair in Tel-Aviv.

 

After the Nazi invasion, Eljowicz stayed in the Warsaw ghetto where he, and others artists, were engaged in decorating the Kehila meeting-hall. One day he was sent by the Jewish committee to decorate the walls of a deportees' transit-station. He and his Colleagues painted a most impressive picture of a Jewish smith at work. This picture later irritated an S/S officer so greatly that he ordered to destroy it.

 

Maks Eljowicz, who contributed a lot to the artistic education of the Jewish public, perished at the extermination camp of Treblinka.

 

Home

 

DAVID TUSHINSKY - MASTER OF MINIATURES

By E. E.

Page 67

 

David Tushinsky, the miniaturist, is faithful to the tradition of Jewish religious ornamental art. His grandfather was engaged in writing the letters of Torah Scrolls. David was influenced in his art by three factors  the loss of his family and his desire to perpetuate their sufferings, his inability to strike roots in Israel's art world, his desire to become a member of the Jewish-French artistic school.

 

When only one year old, his parents moved from Brzezany (near Lodz) to Plotzk,  where he lived for 20 years, until the outbreak of war. The romantic scenes of the town inspired him just as they influ­enced other Plotzk artists, such as Korzen, Zylberberg and Eljowicz.

 

He studied in Lodz, was recruited into the Polish army and soon after the defeat of 1939 moved eastwards. Eventually he got to Israel, but here he felt that his special brand of art would not be appreciated. For several years he worked for a living, unable to further his art-work.

 

Then he moved to Paris, where, due to his natural ability to make friends and his desire to make his work known, he has succeeded in his career.

 

Two exhibitions of his work took place in Paris in 1948 and he was awarded an international art prize.

 

He maintains his relations with Israel and comes here from time to time, both to exhibit his. work (Haifa, Eilat, Petah Tiqva and other places) and to find new subjects for his art.

 

His drawings are greatly influenced by three factors: The Holocaust, Jewish national rebirth and Europe's culture. One of his critics said that Tushinsky's art is "a mirror of his epoch".

 

Home

 

SHMUEL HAR-SHALOM (FRIDENBERG)

By Moshe Rubin

Page 68

 

The painter Har-Shalom was born in Lodz, and grew up after the First World War in Plotzk, where he was drawn to the world of painting from early youth on. He was inspired by the teacher Strzalka and the painters Korzen and Eljowicz, but was unable to take up formal art-studies for lack of financial means and the need to support his parents.

 

Only later in life, once he was already settled in Kiryat-Haim, Israel, he returned to his first love - art. After his daily chores at the local glass factory, he devoted all his free time to the creation of copper etchings. After a period of study in Paris, he showed his work at two exhibitions, (1961 and 1963) in Haifa. His work was very favorably reviewed by Israeli art-critics, and he continues to create scenes taken from the landscape and the day-to-day life of the workers and ordinary folk of Israel.

 

 

To Continue...

 

Plock Artists

 

Yizkor Book Table Of Contents

 

P.R.I.

 

Last updated July 2nd, 2004