גומבין

Remember Rywka Makower from Gombin (Gąbin), Poland


Members of Hashomer Hatzair group "Cheftzi-Ba". Standling from left:  Welwek Fridland (perished), Rywka Makower (perished), Zelig Etinger; sitting from left: Szmuel Golan (Glikzeliger), Zalman Ben Icchak (Borensztajn), still alive in Kibbutz Evron age 100 (Oct14) and Meir Holcman.

In the book "Meir Holcman" published by the family, Tel Aviv 1999, Meir Holcman wrote his memoirs about the family who was left behind, about the Shtetl Gombin and his experiences as a leader of Hashomer Hatzair in Gombin and afterwards wandering all around Poland.

He wrote a chapter "My Friends" from Hashomer Hatzair and the first biography was dedicated to Rywka Makower, a beloved member of Hashomer Hatzair in Gombin.


     Riwka Makower and Rywcia Holcman née Gostynska (my mother) in a visit to Warsaw.

 

Rywka Makower

(translated by Ada Holtzman)

The first one from my group whom I  chose to  commemorate was Rywka Makower who had been the outstanding and best member we had as I could remember. She excelled in her intelligence and knowledge. It is very difficult and painful for me to remember how fate had its way and this interesting young woman, who was also in Kibbutz Hachshara in Kalisz with me and Rywcia Gostynska, this great idealist, gave up Alyia (immigration to ERETZ Israel) and then perished in the Holocaust.

Meir Holcman

 


Hashomer Hatzair in Gombin 1936. Rywka Makower sitting with the children she guided, 7th from the right.

 


Meeting of the two branches of Hashomer Hatzair in Gąbin and Sanniki at Konstantynów (15 May 1934). Riwka Makower 5th standing from left.       

   
 


In Kibbutz Hachshara "Lamifal" in Kalisz, June 1936. Rywka Makower standing first to the right

 


Members of "Hakhalutz" in Gombin. 1935 (movement who  educated the adults to the ideals of the Socialist Zionist ideals whoping they will manage also to immigrate to Eretz Israel. Standing from left to right Nute (Natan) Kutnowski, Pesach Sochaczewski, Mosze Gelbert, Pinchas Gostynski, Chanan Fridland, Abraham Etinger, Szmuel Glikzeliger (Golan), not remembered, Rafael (founder of the "Oved" movement in Gombin);

Standing from left to right: Chana Topial, Cwia Bauman, Chana'leh Tajfeld, Mosze Etinger;

Standing from left to right: Chana'leh Zurkowska, Meir Holcman, Rywka Makower, Zelig Etinger, Yosef Rak, Natan Lypszyc;

Lying at the center: Nusen (Natan Wojdeslawski (Wajs) ( "Raszowicz")
Source:
photos from Meir Holcman album, published in the book Rywcia, Tel Aviv, personal edition, 2010
 

 

 

Meir Holcman: Ha'Shomer Ha'tzayir in Gombin
 

Gombin, My Parents Shtetl

 

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Last updated October 3rd, 2014
 

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