Ha'shomer Hatza'yir in Gombin, November 1926 - from the Album of Abram Chaja (Guyer) of blessed memory; scanned and sent to me by his son, Dr. Martin Guyer, 21 June 1998.
Ha'shomer Hatza'yir in Gombin1)
Very soon, there will be nearly no people who were born in Gombin, lived there their years of youth, loved the Shteitel and remained Gombiners for life, for good and bad.
Gombin had been both similar and particular at the same time, to the other surrounding small towns and villages, with its typical and traditional Jewish earnings and tradition. Most of its Jewish population lived in the center of the town and around them Poles and Germans, not all of them with a positive attitude towards the Jews.
There were beautiful youth in Gombin. The
As a matter of fact, the first group of the masters in Hashomer Hatza'yir was formed by the pupils of the "Tarbut" school.The Ken of Hashomer Hatzair in Gombin was founded in 1925 and existed until the break of the 2nd World War in 1939.
We started as a Youth Movement, its main activity beeing scouting. Taking out the youth to the woods and into nature, and free them from the heavy burden of Jewish seclusion in the Diaspora.
We were also joined by youngsters from the
"Kheder" who memorized and repeated the Torah from dawn to dusk , purposeless, without being trained to the modern life
which was bursting out in the whole of
We were influenced by the English Boy Scouts Movement of Pawel Baden, which was aimed to qualify strong English youth, for the British Imperial purposes.
Another main influence was of the German Youth Movement "Wonder Vogel", which despised the boring life of the German Family and searched for emotional agitation in the communal life of the youth in the bosom of mother nature.
I came to the "Ken" (clubhouse) of Hashomer Hatza'yir" which looked for a way and educational methods to educate the adolescent youth, who were being denied and blocked out of promotion and education . Very few had the chance to go to the big cities and acquire education, at the end of the elementary school. For many of us, the "Ken" ("nest" in Hebrew) became a second home.
In addition to the scouting activities and the "soul to soul" conversations, we were busy in the evenings, learning, and acquiring self-education. It was a common scene to see at dawn, in the public park, the members of the Shomer Hatza'yir, still absorbed in a book, involved in discussions and acquirement of knowledge.
We studied general Sciences, as: Anthropology, Biology, Zoology, the Human Body, and in later stage: Political Economy, History and Historical Materialism. All was learnt by self studies and educational group summaries.
Most of us were subscribers of the public library, which was founded by the Bund. Over there we got access to classic literature and the abundant treasures of the Jewish classicists. We read in Yiddish and Polish and our lives were enriched by intellectual experience, remembered all through the years.
The activities in the "Ken" took place a few times a week, and on Lag Ba'Omer holiday, all the "Ken" went out to the country and built a big camp in one of the villages.
I remember one demonstration of Lag Ba'Omer. We came back , "Shomrim" and "Shomrot " ( the Hebrew name of the boyscouts and girlscouts of the Shomer Hatza'yir), singing loudly bewteen flapping flags. In the streets of Gombin doors were opened and bright strong light came out of the houses, expressing joy, pride and also identification by the parents and fans.
We acted a lot in the public domain. We
collected money for the "Blue Box" of Jewish National Fund
("Keren Kayemet") The elders worked at
making people contribute to the Keren Hayesod. (United Jewish
Appeal - UJA). We were active in the "Poalei Eretz
We organized "Questions Events" (in Yiddish: "Kestel Evand") for the public, in which we stood ground in the hot discussions with the Communists from the left side and with "Beitar" from the political right wing, on the other side.
We founded the branch of "Ha'Khaluts" (The Pioneer movement) in Gombin, in which elder Jews participated, who had not been in the Youth Movements, and "Ha'Oved" (The Worker) - for elders who worked for their living, most of them artisans, who were interested in Aliya - emmigration to Palestine.
We were also active in the surrounding small
towns and villages. In Saniki, Ilowo, and we searched for candidates for the
"Khaluts" and for Aliya to Erets
In the winter (it is extremely cold in
I remember a big ball we organized in the Cinema Hall of the Grynboim family. Eliahu Goldenberg (father of Dudu Topaz, famous Israeli entertainer nowadays) who made a very successful artistic show in Yiddish and Polish. From the income we got from this show, we purchased our club in that same year.
To conclude the affair of the "Ken" I wish to remind the "Patronat" - Patronage, which supported us and gave us the legitimacy in front of the Polish Authorities, who suspected us of Communist aberration, but comforted themselves that it would be "communism to export to Palestine"...
In the Patronage were active :
the dentist Samulewicz, Dr. Dzewospolski, Avraham Zamosz (the manager of the Bank and one of the heads of the Zionists of Izhak Grynboim, one of the Polish Jewry leaders), and Marek Wolfowicz, an enlightened man with vast European culture, lover of people, who contributed to us a lot, from his radiant personality, culture and humanity.
We could not have stayed forever active in scouting and education. "Mered Haben", the revolt of the young generation, burst out forcefully. Stormy discussions roused in the Jewish street on the way to redeem the human being and the Jewish People.
The cry "LEAN" - "WHERE TO" was sent out into the space...
We had determined the way to Zionism, Aliya, the Zionist solution to the Jewish question.
Tens of years we live in the Kibbutzim. We raised families and our children and grandchildren live with us too..
We, the young group of "Ken"
Gombin, immigrated in Aliya Bet, as "Maapilim" - illegal immigrants
In the past years died in the Kibbutzim:
Simcha Golan (Glickzeliger) from Kibbutz Yif'at, Eliezer Golan, his brother, form Kibbutz Ein Ha'Mifrats, Avraham Etinger from Kibbutz Kfar Menakhem, Rachel Shechter (Gostinska) from Kibbutz Ein Ha'Khoresh and Gita Chomsky (Brzezinska) from Kibbutz Mesilot. All left after them sons and daughters, grandchildren, descendants who should be interested in their parents' roots and Gombin tradition.
And still continue to live, in golden age, in the various Kibbutzim:
Malka Mann (Glickzeliger) in Kibbutz Ein Ha'Khoresh, Channa Bruk (Holcman) from Kibbutz Negba and her brother Meir Holcman in Kibbutz Ramat Ha'Shofet.
And in Kibbutz Evron live: Zalman Ben Izhak (Borencztain), Shmulik Golan (Glickzeliger), Zelig Ettinger and his wife Rachel (Kerber) and Shlomo Laski (Frenkel).
And all the rest remains to be told...
Last updated May 27th, 2011 (First posted in May 1999)