We Remember Jewish Inowlodz!

Inowlodz
51°32' / 20°13'
96.1 kilometers SW of Warsaw

A Map (see Tomaszow Mazowiecki)


The synagogue of Inowlodz (1997) before sold and became a mini-market.

My sincere thanks to Benjamin Yaari who contributed almost all of the material for this web site.

Encyclopedia of Jewish
Communities in Poland, Volume I

(Poland)

Translation of "Inowlodz" chapter
from Pinkas Hakehillot Polin

Published by Yad Vashem

Jerusalem 1976

(page 54)

Inowlodz

(District of Rawa Mazowiecka)

Translated by Ada Holtzman

Population Figures

Year

Total
population

Jews

1764/5

(?)

22

1793/94

(?)

59

1808

380

80

1827

771

229

1857

925

277

1897

1170

324

1921

1332

408

1.9.1939

(?)

518

Inowlodz was founded in the 11th century having been granted city status during the 13th century. The development of the town in the 14th and 15th centuries created conditions for the settlement of the Jews in it. The first news about a Jewish settlement in Inowlodz is from 1537. It ceased to exist in the middle half of the 17th century because of the decline of the town and its destruction during the Swedish-Polish Wars. In the 18th century, Jews returned and settled again in Inowlodz. In 1764 4 families lived in Inowlodz - innkeepers- who belonged to the community of Ujazd. In 1793 already lived in Inowlodz other artisans, like a barber, a butcher and a tanner. In the beginning of the 19th century appeared also merchants of petty commerce. In 1858 35 families lived in the small town. By the end of the 19th century, Inowlodz became famous as a vacation resort and tourists came from Warsaw, Tomaszow Mazowiecki and Lodz. The town kept its character as a resort also during the 20th century. During the period between the World Wars, beside income from the vacation resort, Jews were also peddlers in the surrounding villages, selling mostly clothing and textile products, bought in Lodz and Tomaszow. Many tailors lived in the town, who sewed clothes to peasants from the neighborhood.

Starting from the 20s of the 19th century, there was an independent Committee of the Community, who dominated also the Jews of 7 villages (in 1858 - 15 families). Abraham Rosenberg distinguished among the city leaders. He was elected to 10 cadences, during a period of 30 years. Hostel for the poor was founded in the beginning of the 19th century and a synagogue made of bricks was erected. In 1858 both building were renovated.

In the beginning of the 19th century, the Jews of Inowlodz could not afford nominate a Rabbi and so only Dayanim [judges] served the community. From the beginning until 1827 served as a Dayan R. Dawid Peperkorn from Biala Rawska, and after his death - R. Szymon Lajb Frumer, a native of Inowlodz. Starting from the 30s and until 1848, the Dayan was R. Abraham Michael Lewi, native of Pinczow. In his last years (he died in 1848), everyone called him "Rabbi". It is possible that the title refers to his official nomination. His successor as the Rabbi of town was R. Josef Jungbach, who served before for 26 years as a Dayan in Opoczno. He was succeeded in 1860 by R. Nachum Rozenblum. In 1908 R. Icchak Meir Kanal served as the Rabbi of the community (he was later the Rabbi of Blaszki and member of the Rabbinical Court in Warsaw). In the years 1910-1920 Rabbi Jecheskel Halsztok served as the Rabbi (later he was appointed as the Rabbi of Nasielsk and the Admor of Ostrowice. The last Rabbi of Inowlodz on the eve of World War II was Rabbi A. I. Gingold.

During the German occupation in W.W.II. 426 Jews lived in Inowlodz - May 1941 - among them 130 Jews who arrived from other places. By June 1941 the number of Jews reached 450, and in November 600 (together with the refugees). In 1942 the number did not change much - in April - 545 (among them 172 refugees). The Jewish community was liquidated in August 1942: 500 Jews deported to ghetto Tomaszow Mazowiecki, and shared the same as the Jews of that Ghetto.

After the War the only remnant of Jewish settlement were the burned walls of the synagogue built in the first half of the 19th century.

Sources

AGAD (Archiwum Glowne Akt Dawnych w Warszawie): Leczyckie Grodzkie Obl. 127, cards 463-463v.

AP (Archiwum Panstwowe Miasta Krakowa I Wojewodztwa Krakowskiego) Lodz: Anteriora PRG 2520.

A. Feldman, old news about the Jews in Polish Towns in the 15-16 century, in "Bleter fer Geshichte" 1936, z' 63.


Inowlodz, Poland

The Polish Web Site of Inowlodz

Inowlodz Jewish Cemetery


The "cemetery" of Inowlodz: a few scattered fragments of tombstones, most of them already covered by plants and earth, total oblivion...

US Commission No. POCE000662 - IAJGS Scroll to "Inowlodz"

Matzevot Recorded by Benjamin Yaari & Michael Rzeznik 1996

The "Cemetery" is not fenced and not protected. From year to year there are less and less visible matzevot!
28 Matzevot were recorded.

FAMILY NAME

Given Name

Father's Name

Husband's name

Date of Death

No.

Notes

BIGELAJZEN

Jerechmiel

-

-

-

24

-

FAJNER

Bajla

Aharon Jakob

Mosze

1934

1

HONER

Sara

-

-

-

21

-

KRAMINA

Szlomo Natan

-

-

1935

22

-

LIBER

Genendel

Jecheskel Icchak

1907

5

-

NACHER

Mosze

-

-

1935

3

-

ORBACH

Malka

-

-

-

2

-

PROZKE

Natan

-

-

1911

4

-

ZALNEFZAJN

Israel

Dawid

-

-

26

-

-

Abraham Icchak

Zeew

-

-

25

-

-

Chaim Dawid

Israel

-

-

20

A Levite

-

Chana

Hirsz

-

1938

13

-

-

Chana Bejla

-

-

1935

23

-

-

Chana Sara

Menachem Mendel

Chaim

1936

7

-

-

Dwora

Jehuda

-

-

8

-

-

Frymet

Jerechmiel

-

-

19

-

-

Icchak

Jakob Aharon

1875

11

-

-

Icchak Meir

-

-

1909

15

From Blaszki

-

Miriam

Chaim

-

1911

18

-

-

Mordechai Zeew

Chaim Mosze

-

1895

16

-

-

Mosze

Shmuel Jehuda

1896

12

A Cohen

-

Perec

Jehuda

-

-

14

-

-

Rachel

Motel

-

1937

6

-

-

Rachel

Israel Josef

-

1894

28

-

-

Rachel Lea

Efraim Szmuel

-

1889

27

A girl

-

Sara

Jecheskel.

-

1914

9

-

-

Zeew

Ozer

-

1914

17

-

These are the last remnants of the Jewish Community of Inowlodz in Poland...

Jewish Genealogy

Inowlodz in JRI - Jewish Records Indexing - Poland

Inowlodz - in JRI - PSA archive

JewishGen Family Finder

The Lost Inowlodz Synagogue


The synagogue served as a public library for many years. It was sold by The Jewish Community of Lodz which claimed it as communal property and now it is a mini-market(...)

Before the renovations, remained on the wall a prayer in Russian and in Hebrew to the welfare of the Russian Czar.

Now only photos of the synagogue remained…

Shalom Inowlodz...

Last updated August 1st, 2003

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WE REMEMBER! SHALOM!