We Remember the Heroes of Treblinka!

Remember!
By Prof. Alfred Jesion, b. 1919, Plock, died 10.4.1997 in Sweden

Extracts From the History of the Jewish Rrevolt in Treblinka

By Jan Przedpelski
"Dos Ydishe Wort", Warsaw, November 1, 1996

A Summary - Translated from Polish and Submitted to P.R.I. by Wowa Klamra of Sweden

A resistance group was organized at the part of the camp called Treblinka II and involved 10 persons. The leader of this group was a captain of the Polish army Galewski from Nowy Dwor. The other members of the group were Dr. Choronzycki, engineer Sadowicz, Zeew Kurland, Rudolf Masaryk (cousin of Masaryk, the president of Czechoslovakia), Zelomir Bloch and Ber Gutman from Plock. There were also other people from Plock in the groups: Rudek Lubraniecki, Abram Koziebrodzki, Haskiel and Szmul Rosenberg, Perl Motek and Marian Platkiewicz. The crucial thing was to get weapon. For collected money and jewelleries they manage to buy some weapon from the Ukrainian soldiers.

They worked out a plan to break into the store with weapons. Brothers Budnik from Nowy Dwor managed at the workshop to do some copies of the keys to the weapon store, after they got a finger-print of the key from one in the secret organization, Zylberberg.

The August 1, 1943 in the camp Treblinka II were about three thousand prisoners guarded by 22 SS-man and 80 Ukrainian soldiers. The rest was on vacation. The August 2, 1943 at 2 pm, Haskiel and Szmul Rosenberg, father and son, both from Plock, opened the store with weapons and managed to get out one hundred of pistols and rifles, 25 granats, some amount of dynamit and some petrol.

The revolt started the same day, August 2 at 4pm when Waksman from Kielce killed a known from cruelty Hauptscharfurer Kutner. Later Ber Gutman, Abram Koziebrodzki, Rudek Lubraniecki and Perel Gryc Motek attacked other guards. The responsible for the delivery of the weapon was Rudek Lubraniecki, together with brothers Jakub and Jacek Miller from Wlodzimierz Wolynski. Rudek Lubraniecki, known in Plock as sportsman of Macabi, was the most brave fighter. He killed the Sturmfuhrer Kurt Meizler but was killed by the Germans while puting fire on the petrol station. The fire spread to the whole camp. During the fightings were killed 20 SS-men, 60 Ukrainian soldiers but also about 800 Jewish fighters. The Germans got help by soldiers and SS-men groups from the neighbourhood. The commander of the revolt, Galewski gave order to escape from the camp to the forests. Around 600 fighters left the camp, most of them were later killed during the action by the Germans, among them Haskiel and Szmul Rosenberg, Ber Gutman and Kryczek, all from Plock, but also Galewski, the commander of the revolt.

A group of 30 people managed to survive in the forest, among them Marian Platkiewicz, the only one from Plock. The group reached the village Leczna, close to Kielce, one of them died on the way. Some of them in the forests around Serdynki organized a partisant group, later crashed by a group of NSZ. (NSZ polish extremely right wing, very nationalistic group, known as extremely anti-Semitic and is accused for killing of a lot of Jews or Jewish partisans during the war). Marian Platkiewicz managed to survive and later joint a group of GL partisans (GL, later AL, partisans, communistic group, not the largest among the resistance but the one which probably most helped Jews).

After the war Marian Platkiewicz returned to Plock and later emigrated to Israel. While in Treblinka Marian Platkiewicz together with Mojzesz Laks in secret made a map over the camp Treblinka II. After the war Mojzesz Laks gave a copy of this map to the Central Jewish Historical Committee. The Germans destroyed all documentation over Treblinka, but thanks to people like Szymon Goldberg, Samuel Rajzman, Mojzesz Laks and Marian Platkiewicz, who could reveal the truth.

Year 1964 Marian Platkiewicz witnessed in the trial in Dusseldorf against Kurt Franz and other murderes from the Treblinka death camp.

PARTIAL LIST OF the Heroes of Treblinka
Compiled from Various Sources by Ada Holtzman.

I appeal to anyone who knows more names to contact me in order to update this list in memoriam.
Email: ada01@netvision.net.il , 19 October 2000

Name

Town

Sources

... Malpa

-

SW

... Mechel

-

YW

... Mechele

Warszawa

YA

BERGER Oskar

-

IA

BERKOWICZ Iechiel

-

IA

BLOCH Zelomir

-

JP

BOEHM Alfred

Germany, Czestochowa

SW

BOMBA A. L.

-

IA

BUDNIK brothers

Nowy Dwor

JP

BURSZTEIN Mosze

-

IA

CHORONZYCKI Dr.

Sadowicz

JP, YW

DORFMAN Ruth

-

SW

GALEWSKI eng.

Nowy Dwor, ghetto Lodz

JP, SW, YW

GELBERD Aharon

Czestochowa

IA

GLAZER Richard

-

IA

GOLD Arthur

-

SW

GOLDSTEIN

-

IA

GRYC Perl Motek

Plock

JP

GUTMAN Ber

Plock

JP

HELBER Melech

Siedlce

IA

HIRTRITER

-

IA

KONGURETZKI

Czestochowa

SW

KOTT

-

SW

KOZIEBRODZKI Abram

Plock

JP

KRONENBERG

Lwow?

SW

KRYCZEK

Plock

JP

KRZEPICKI Abram

Warszawa

IA

KUPERMAN Jecheskel

-

IA

KURLAND Zeew

-

JP, YW

KUSZER

-

YW

LAKS

Mojzesz

JP

LEJLEJZEN

Warszawa

YW

LESKI Simcha

Warszawa

IA

LUBRANIECKI Rudek

Plock

JP

LUBLING Y. Moshe

-

YL-

MASARYK Rudolf

-

JP

MILLER Jacek

-

JP

MILLER Jakub

Wlodzimierz Wolynski

JP

NOWODWORSKI Dawid

Warszawa

IA

PLATKIEWICZ Marian

Plock

JP

RABINOWICZ Jakob

Warszawa

IA

RICHTER

Czestochowa

IA

ROSENBERG Haskiel

Plock

JP

ROSENBERG Szmul

Plock

JP

ROZENTAL Lejbel

Czestochowa

IA

SADOWICZ Eng.

-

JP

STRAWACZINSKI

-

IA

SZERFIRER Josef

-

IA

SZORSZAN Lejzer

-

IA

WAKSMAN

Kielce

JP

WIERNIK Jankel

Warszawa

JW, IA

WILLENBERG Samuel ("Katzap")

Czestochowa, Opatow

SW

WOLLACH Azriel

Warszawa

IA

ZEIDMAN

-

IA

ZYLBERBERG

-

JP

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