To the Memory of Rabbi Yedida Frenkel Ztz"l

We Remember Jewish Kiernozia!

A Map


A board "Kiernozia" - photograph from the book "Alei Merorot" of Rabbi Aaronson ztz"l

 Community's History

Translated from the Hebrew - "Pinkas Hakehilot" Encyclopedia of Jewish Communities - Poland: Vol. IV: Warsaw and District, Yad Vashem, 1989, p. 415, written by Abraham Klevan
Translated by Morris Gradel, Denmark, June 2000

Kiernozia
(Region: Warsaw; Province: Warsaw)

Year

Population

Jews

^%

1808

162

48

67%

1827

417

123

 29%

1860

352

156

 44%

1897

536

222

 41%

1921

726

284

 39%

My grandparents: Jakob Gostynski of Gombin and Yochewet nee' Holnigstok from Kiernozia. Gombin, 1934

No details are available on the origins of the village of Kiernozia. It existed as early as the 15th century as part of the estate of the noble family Szarpski. In the 60s of the 19th century it was owned by members of the Lasutski family. Kiernozia 's position astride the road from Lowicz to Plock influenced its development. It was a centre of trade and industry for local agriculture, and fixed market days came to be established. In 1784 King Stanislaw August Poniatowski ganted the district governor permission to hold six additional annual fairs. In 1807 the village was incorporated into the Principality of Warsaw, and from 1815 until World War I was part of Congress Poland. During this latter war Kiernozia was occupied by units of the German army from 1915 until they retreated in 1918.

We have no data available on the beginnings of Jewish settlement in Kiernozia. Jewish habitation is not mentioned before the early 19th century. The Jews lived from small trade and handicrafts. According to partial statistics from the 1870s Jews owned 8 shops and 11 workshops. In the period between the two world wars Jews were also occupied in the same fields. There was an organised Jewish community in the latter half of the 19th century. A synagogue and religious school existed, but there was no cemetery, and the Jews of Kiernozia. buried their dead in the cemetery at Lowicz. The rabbi of that period was Avraham Noah Neumann. Between the two wars the rabbi was Moshe Bezalel Frankel (who perished in the holocaust). Many of the Jews of Kiernozia, and the young people in particular, leaned towards Zionism. There was a branch of Beitar with some 40 members. Jewish children went to the traditional cheder and to the municipal Polish school.

On the outbreak of war in 1939 and the approach of the German army, many Jews left their homes and fled eastwards. On September 16th Kiernozia was bombed by German planes - the synagogue was destroyed and 20 Jews killed or wounded. The village was occupied two days later. That same day the Jews who had remained in Kiernozia were rounded up and sent to Zychlin, 17 kms. away. The deportees were kept under open sky and without food the whole night, and then sent to forced labour camps. A few days later these Jews returned to Kiernozia and found their houses looted.

In March 1940 the Germans set up a ghetto, enclosed by a fence, in two streets inhabited by Poles, who were removed from their houses and the Jews herded into them instead. Each day the Germans took males aged 15 to 60 for forced labour. On July 1st 1940 the Germans pressed into the ghetto some 240 Jews from surrounding villages. In December of that year there were about 650 Jews in the ghetto. In March 1941 the Germans dismantled the ghetto and the Jews of Kiernozia were expelled to the Warsaw ghetto, where they shared the fate of its inhabitants (Treblinka)

A photograph from the Ghetto times of my grandfather Jakob Gostynski, hiswife Yochewet my grandmother born in Kiernozia and great grandfather Moses. Muredered in Chelmno April 1942.

 

  A Letter to managers of Treblinka Memorial site, 6 April 2001.

Mr. Edward Kopowka - Director
Museum to Fighting and Martyrdom in Treblinka
08-830 Kosow Lacki
Poland Tel Aviv, 6 April 2001

Dear Mr. Kopoka,

RE: A SYMBOLIC MATZEVA IN TREBLIBNKA TO THE SMALL JEWISH COMMUMITY OF KIERNOZIA!

 

"In March 1941 the Germans dismantled the ghetto and the Jews of Kiernozia were expelled to the Warsaw ghetto, where they shared the fate of its inhabitants...

This is an exact quotation from Yad Vashem's "Pinkas Hakehilot", Encyclopaedia of Jewish Communities, Vol. IV, Warsaw and Its Region, Jerusalem 1989, page 415.

In view of the above, it is quite obvious that the Jews of Kiernozia were expelled also to Treblinka. Unfortunately there is no symbolic stone for KIERNOZIA in Treblinka.

I kindly request from you, as the granddaughter of Yachwet Honigstok Hy"d from Kiernozia, to add a symbolic stone to the memory of Kiernozia Jews.

I send you my heartfelt thanks in advance for Kiernozia Matzeva as well as for all your endeavors to keep the memory of the miserable Jewish victims of Treblinka and the message to human kind: NEVER AGAIN!

Shalom,

Ada Holtzman
Tel Aviv
ISRAEL

 

Copy:

Yad Vashem, Jerusalem
Mr. Benjamin Meirtchak, Hitachdut Yotzei Polin in Israel
Rabbi Frenkel, Tel Aviv
Mr. Benjamin Yaari, Holon
Mrs. Ester Reiss, Jerusalem
Mr, Yehuda Widawski


We Shall Not Forget KIERNOZIA!

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